Oil, Oil Everywhere!

Students inquire how to stop an oil leak in a model of the BP oil leak in the Gulf by simulating the situation in a 10 gallon aquarium.  Students generate potential solutions, which are then tested and redesigned.  Students learn about natural factors involved in this real life situation and scenario including ocean depth, properties of natural materials, earth’s geological makeup at the site of the leak, and environmental issues through their scientific inquiry.  Students explore a real life engineering challenge, its effects on society, and the struggles engineers face when solving a time-sensitive problem through use of the engineering design process.
Earth & Space Sciences Grade 5 – Benchmark C: Describe Earth’s resources including rocks, soil, water, air, animals and plants and the ways in which they can be conserved.
Life Science Grade 3- Benchmark C: Compare changes in an organism’s ecosystem/habitat that affect its survival.
Grade 5- Benchmark C: Compare changes in an organism’s ecosystem/habitat that affect its survival.
Science & Technology Grade 3- Benchmark A:  Describe how technology affects human life.
Grade 5- Benchmark A:  Describe how technology affects human life.
Grade 3 – Benchmark B:  Describe and illustrate the design process.
Grade 4 – Benchmark B:  Describe and illustrate the design process.
Scientific Inquiry Grade 3- Benchmark B: Organize and evaluate observations, measurements and other data to formulate inferences and conclusions.
Grade 5- Benchmark B: Organize and evaluate observations, measurements and other data to formulate inferences and conclusions.
Grade 3- Benchmark C: Develop, design and safely conduct scientific investigations and communicate the results.
Scientific Ways of Knowing Grade 3- Benchmark C: Explain the importance of keeping records of observations and investigations that are accurate and understandable.
Grade 4- Benchmark C: Explain the importance of keeping records of observations and investigations that are accurate and understandable.
Grade 5- Benchmark C: Explain the importance of keeping records of observations and investigations that are accurate and understandable.
Grade 3 – Benchmark D: Explain that men and women of diverse countries and cultures participate in careers in all fields of science.
Grade 5 – Benchmark D: Explain that men and women of diverse countries and cultures participate in careers in all fields of science.
Grade 3 – Benchmark I: Demonstrate fluency in multiplication facts with factors through 10 and corresponding divisions.
Numbers, Number Sense & Operations Grade 3 Benchmark K: Analyze and solve multistep problems involving addition, subtraction, multiplication and division of whole numbers.
Grade 4 – Benchmark I: Demonstrate fluency in multiplication facts with factors through 10 and corresponding divisions.
Grade 4 Benchmark K: Analyze and solve multistep problems involving addition, subtraction, multiplication and division of whole numbers.
Data Analysis Grade 3- Benchmark A: Gather and organize data from surveys and classroom experiments, including data collected over a period of time.
Grade 3- Benchmark C: Construct charts, tables and graphs to represent data, including picture graphs, bar graphs, line graphs, line plots and Venn diagrams.
Grade 4- Benchmark A: Gather and organize data from surveys and classroom experiments, including data collected over a period of time.
Grade 4- Benchmark C: Construct charts, tables and graphs to represent data, including picture graphs, bar graphs, line graphs, line plots and Venn diagrams.
Grade 5- Benchmark E: Collect, organize, display and interpret data for a specific purpose or need.
Mathematical Processes Grade 3-4- Benchmark B: Use an organized approach and appropriate strategies to solve multi-step problems.
Grade 3-4- Benchmark K: Use mathematical language to explain and justify mathematical ideas, strategies and solutions.
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